|Increased BPA Exposure and Reduced Egg Quality|
|SciMed - Biology|
|TS-Si News Service|
|Friday, 17 December 2010 09:00|
San Francisco, CA, USA. A small-scale study led by the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) has identified the first evidence in humans that exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) may compromise the quality of a woman's eggs retrieved for in vitro fertilization (IVF). As blood levels of BPA in the women studied doubled, the percentage of eggs that fertilized normally declined by 50 percent, according to the research team.
BPA, a chemical used to make plastic hard and clear, has been used in many consumer products such as reusable water bottles. It also is found in epoxy resins, which form a protective lining inside metal food and beverage cans.
In the study, BPA levels and fertilization rates were analyzed for 26 women undergoing IVF during 2007 and 2008 at the UCSF Center for Reproductive Health. The women were a subgroup of a larger study evaluating the effect on reproductive health of trace exposures to toxic metals — mercury, cadmium and lead. The findings appear in the journal Fertility and Sterility.
An alliance of partners led by the UCSF Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment launched an online resource called Toxic Matters to help consumers make smarter decisions about substances that can harm general and reproductive health.
The brochure and web page include tips on reducing exposure to metals and synthetic chemicals in everyday life — at home, at work, and in the community — and provide links to other sources with more detailed information."While preliminary, the data indicate the negative effect of BPA on reproductive health and the importance of allocating more funding to further investigate why such environmental contaminants might be disrupting fertility potential," said Victor Y. Fujimoto, MD, lead study author and professor in the UCSF Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences.
Victor Y. Fujimoto
Medical Center for Reproductive Health
UCSF"Given the widespread nature of BPA exposure in the U.S., even a modest effect on reproduction is of substantial concern," said Michael S. Bloom, PhD, senior author and an assistant professor in the departments of Environmental Health Sciences, and Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the School of Public Health of the University at Albany, State University of New York.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found BPA in the urine of nearly everyone tested in a 2004 analysis of the U.S. population.
An endocrine disruptor is a synthetic chemical that when absorbed into the body either mimics or blocks hormones and interferes with the body's normal functions. BPA has gained increased global attention as an environmental contaminant that impacts health owing to its widespread exposure and endocrine-disrupting properties, according to the researchers.
Previous studies in mouse models have indicated that BPA levels alter the DNA of eggs, and a 2010 study in humans demonstrated BPA urinary concentrations to be inversely associated with the number of eggs retrieved during an IVF cycle.
"Unfortunately, at this time there is no clinically-available test to determine BPA levels in women," Fujimoto said. "Despite the limited evidence, a cautious approach for women who are considering IVF treatment would be to reduce their exposure to BPA through modifications in lifestyle and diet."
ParticipationStudy co-authors are Dongsul Kim, of the Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York; Frederick S. vom Saal, PhD and Julia A. Taylor, PhD, of the Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri; and Julie D. Lamb, MD, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, UCSF.
CitationSerum unconjugated bisphenol A concentrations in women may adversely influence oocyte quality during in vitro fertilization. Victor Y. Fujimoto, Dongsul Kim, Frederick S. vom Saal, Julie D. Lamb, Julia A. Taylor, and Michael S. Bloom. Fertility and Sterility 2010; ePub ahead of print. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2010.11.008
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor with estrogenic properties that can adversely affect meiotic spindle assemblies. Our data indicate that BPA exposure in female patients may interfere with oocyte quality during IVF, as suggested by the inverse association between serum unconjugated BPA concentration and normal fertilization.
Keywords: bisphenol a (bpa), in vitro fertilization (ivf), oocyte maturation, fertilization, infertility.
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 15 December 2010 22:12|